Feng shui (风水, 風水) adalah ilmu topografi kuno Tiongkok yang mempercayai bagaimana manusia dan Surga (astronomi), dan Bumi (geografi), hidup dalam harmoni, untuk membantu memperbaiki hidup dengan menerima Qi positif. Qi terdapat di alam sebagai energi yang tidak terlihat. Qi baik disebut juga napas kosmik naga, jenis Qi ini dipercaya sebagai pembawa rejeki dan nasib baik.
What is Qi? Qi means breathe or air in Chinese. This is the easy part.
The word ‘qi’ in a key concept in many Chinese metaphysics disciplines including Feng Shui. The word ‘qi’ can have different meaning depending on where it is applied and trying to come out with a single definition can be quite a challenge.
Qi is often defined as a form of energy. For the uninitiated it is difficult to relate qi to energy and therefore instead of trying to come out with a definition of qi, I will attempt to explain the meaning of qi by relating to it in the practice of Feng Shui.
There are two type of qi namely Sheng Qi (Living Qi) and Sha Qi (Killing Qi). In Feng Shui we want to live in a place with plenty of Sheng Qi and to avoid places or offending structures that generate Sha Qi.
What is Qi?
Since we cannot see qi, the next best thing is to look for indicators of qi. A place with thriving fauna and flora has plenty of Sheng Qi. On the other hand a place that is dry and rocky or sandy without much fauna and flora is said to be lacking in qi. This is a first clue to the meaning of qi. It is something that is supports life!
In an ancient Feng Shui text, we learn that “qi is carried by the wind and accumulates near water”. From this statement we know that this life giving Sheng Qi exists in the atmosphere, can be blown away and gathers where there is water. This is another clue to the meaning of qi. It is some sort of life giving ‘energy’ that can be found in the air!
We also know that the mountain ranges with lush green vegetation are a rich source and carrier of qi. In Feng Shui, mountains are known as Dragon and hence qi is also known as the dragons breathe. This is yet another clue to the meaning of qi.
Certain structures like high tension pylon lines generate Sha or Killing Qi and it can be detrimental to health if we live near to one for a long time. Is this another manifestation of qi? This time is it some sort of strong electromagnetic force!
In the study of Feng Shui there is Xing Fa (shape techniques) and Li Fa (calculation of qi). Xing Fa is about the surrounding forms and how they affect us. Li Fa on the other is about qi that we cannot see. It is about the effect of planetary movements on us. This is a qi that we cannot see but we know where they are at different time by applying the formulas left to us by our forefathers.
So far I have not attempted to give a definition of qi. Instead I have tried to reveal the meaning of qi through examples and practices in Feng Shui. I hope you now have at better understanding of qi (at least from a Feng Shui perspective) and understand why it is so difficult to come out with a definition of qi.
China has more than 2000 years history, the study of the Traditional Chinese Medical has experienced thousands years of practice. With the application of natural sources of energy, people get the benefits from the nature for health and the happiness of life. Today, lots of western people like to study this subject. It is a very good activity toward the cultural exchange, and the peace of the world.
In study the Traditional Chinese Medical, the most confusing term that puzzles western people, is the meaning of Qi. Simply, Qi is energy. Broadly, to understand the activities of Qi, we must understand the Chinese Taoism explanation of Tao ( Dao) and Te (De). Tao (Dao) is Qi, Tao is the smallest and original particle of the universe with special capacity and movement regulation. It exists in everywhere and forms everything; it passes through the time – past, current, and future – there is no space and time barrier of Tao; it is also the inner force which maintains the balance and functioning of everything. Te (De) is moral virtue. Moral virtue is the application of Tao, the expressing process of the character of Tao, and the regulation of matters in motion. All the things in the universe have in their orbit regulation in movement, and everything has a basic norm, this is virtue. According to the School of Soaring Crane Qigong, through modern lab, the energy of Qi has been shown to be formed with infrared electromagnetism waves, the magnetic field, static, energetic particles, and other messages. It is a high energy material.
It is hard to understand the Taoism idea of Qi, and the modern science is not advance enough to prove “the smallest and original particle of the universe”. However, Taoism is native Chinese culture, it exists for more than 2000 years already, we cannot disregard this idea. Many of the modern Chinese scholars cannot get this meaning too. They tried many ways to understand it, and different people get the different meanings. The way to understand it is through comprehension (Chinese people call it awareness or sudden awakening).
Because everything has special capacity and movement regulation, their inner force of energy movement is Qi, it is a kind of inner energy flow.Like the western medical terminology, a word was formed with prefix, root, and suffix. Qi is suffix. The energy flow of activity:
Related to the heart, is called “XinQi”, Xin means heart;
Related to the stomach, is called “WuiQi”, Wui means stomach;
Related to the Kidney, is called “ShanQi”, Shan means Kidney,
Related to the Liver, is called “GanQi”, Gan means Liver,
Related to the Lounge, is called “HuiQi”, Hui means Lounge,
Related to blood, is called “XieQi”, Xie means blood.
The energy flow of activity,
Related to air, is called “KongQi”, Kong means sky, the air stays in the sky; the inner force of air movement is Qi;
Related to gas, is called MeiQi, Mei means coal;
Related to water, is called “ShuiQi”, Shui means water;
Related to earth, is called “TuQi”, Tu means earth;
Related to the Earth, is called “DiQi”, Di means the Earth.
The energy flow of activity,
Related to people’s fortune, is called “YinQi”, Yin means activities;
Related to FengSui, is called “LingQi”, Ling means deity.
Related to the motivation of army, is called “SiQi”, Si means soldier;
Related to the disease, is called “BingQi”, Bing means disease.
Related to Yang character, is called YangQi;
Related to Yin Character, is called YinQi.
From the above example, we can have a general concept about the meaning of Qi now. However, that is not enough. Qi includes both of the material base and the movement activity characters.This two kind of character is inseparable. Different kind of herb has different material base, and different functional activities. Thus Qi is very diversified. The material base of Qi is energy, and all of the material has energy, thus it is not hard for people to have a general concept of Qi. However, it is bard for people to understand the functional activity characters of Qi.
The material base of Qi is energy. According to physics, energy can neither be created, nor be destroyed, it always transfers from a material to another material, or transforms from a form to another form, and the general amount of energy cannot be changed. For example, the energy of fire is transferred to water, while the water is boiling; and the chemical energy is transformed into mechanical energy, while the gas is burning inside the engine of a car. Understand this idea, we can easily understand that the activities of Qi are diversified.
Technique and herb method are not important, the skillful doctor is the one who can freely apply the energy. It is difficult for western people to understand and memorize the Traditional Chinese Medical. This is reality. However, it is not the fault of western people, because the culture and natural sources of the eastern and western world are different. You can be a skillful doctor while you can understand the functional character of Qi. Thus you can freely apply the natural energy for medical use.
There are many ideas explain the functional characters of Qi. As mankind is going to enter the 21st century, I think that it is a good sense to start this new subject for the understanding of the activities of Qi now.
In 1979, the sun had its third tremendous eruption that stimulated strong waves, emitted high energetic material, and replaced the energy field of the universe. During this year, some resourceful people thought that modern science and human beings would have a big evolution. They theorize that 1970s atomic scientific period and it was now coming to an end; beginning with the 1980s, modern science would be characterized by a “human biological science” period. Many scientists have now switched their focus of study to this subject. Notably, the famous rocket scientist, General QUAN Xueshen, believes that human body is a complex biological microcosm, it opens itself to nature; the natural universe is a macrocosm which controls our small universal system; human beings with special methods can make their small universal systems link together with the huge natural universal system thereby easily applying the information and energy in the universe to develop modern science and human beings in many ways.
Oneness -- If contends that nature includes mankind and there force, that human beings and the natural world are all integrated into a single unit of existence. Everything is one entire entity. Although our visible body can be separated from nature, human beings are biologically dependent upon the principle of the natural world and are linked together within a universal field of interdependent existence. If we forget our flesh, as a source of personal existence, our energy can be released and joined into the universal field of what Western philosophers have called "being." According to traditional Chinese culture, that the universe and human beings are unified to be one entire entity which is called “TIAN REN HE YI”. TIAN means the universe, REN means mankind, HE means unify, and YI means one. With this idea, human being and the universe are one entire entity; while they maintain balance, the world is peace and the human body is healthy. While you can perfectly adjust yourself to balance with the universal regulations, you are free from the misfortunes of life. This is a state of existence.
Twoness, Taiji --- the idea of Yin & Yang. Yin & Yang, is the representing of the two opposites characters of the natural relative things and phenomena. It is not only represents the opposites characters of two things, but also represents the opposites characters related into a thing. Yin&Yang method believes that all of the things in the natural world exist in the Yin&Yang, the development of everything in the world is the result which the Yin&Yang acted. Yin & Yang is the regulation of the natural world, the guiding principal of everything, the basis of the development, and the original force of the producing and eliminating. They are related to each other; positive and negative, male and female, clearly and chaotic, health and sick, good and bad, uplift and sad, order and disorder, success and fail, increase and decrease, light and dark, black and white, left and right, front and back, etc. Creature has Yin & Yang characters, while the zygote of a creature begins its first cleavage, two cells are formed, there are Yin and Yan characters exist in this two cells; and more and more Yin & Yang characters will be created through the development of the embryonic.
The traditional Chinese Medical is based on the virtue of Yin and Yang -- the positive and negative materials; and applying the counterbalance character to convert all evil materials. Yin & Yang can be categorized into four ideas: mutually inclusive, mutually exclusive, mutually revolve, and mutually balance.
Mutually inclusive: The existence of Yin & Yang relate to each other. That is to say, although they are different kinds of characters, they link with each other; the existence of Yang is based on the existence of Yin, and the existence of Yin is based on the existence of Yang; If there is no Yang, there is no Yin; If there is no Yin, there is no Yang.
Mutually exclusive: The state of the Yin & Yang is not at peace, Yin and Yang always eliminate each other to become imbalance which keep the development of life force.
Mutual balance: Although Yin and Yang react to each other they should maintain the balance that is the condition of health and peace. While the balance condition breaks, either Yang over Yin, or Yin over Yang, people will have disease.
Mutually revolve: The state of Yin and Yang can base on special condition for a mutually revolving. That’s to say, Yin can turn to Yang, and Yang can turn to Yin. Things will develop in the opposite direction when they reach the limit. Regardless of what kind of character, while an unusual character develops exceedingly, it will automatically revolve to its opposite side in the end.
Threeness --- the relationship between the Universe, human beings, and the Earth. The human body, especially the brain is treated as a small universal system. Human body is a complex biological microcosm, it opens itself to nature; the natural universe is a macrocosm which controls our small universal system; human beings with special methods can make their small universal systems link together with the huge natural universal system thereby easily applying the information and energy in the universe to develop modern science and human beings in many ways. According to Albert Einstein’s Relative Theory: E=MC2. E is energy, M is mass which relates to matter and space, and C is the velocity of light that relates to speed and time. From this relationship between the energy, space, and time we can logically understand the relationship between the human being and the universe. The visible separation of people and nature is an illusion that can be overcome through Qi (energy). According to Soaring Crane Qigong, there are three main energy storage areas in our body which are called "Dantian": Lower Dantian is in the center of the pelvic cavity which connects to the earth, Middle Dantian is in the center of the abdominal cavity which connects to human beings, and Upper Dantian is in the center of forebrain which connects to the universe. In addition there is a central channel which is called "Zhongmei" in people's central body which joins these three Dantian together with inner energy circulation channels (meridians) and pressure points to form our small universal system. Nature includes the space and the earth, the balance relationship between the universe, human, and the earth, is the way of life. This is a functional character of Qi.
Fiveness --- Wuxing --- the energy source of Five Elements: Metal, Water, Wood, Fire, and Earth. Based on the Oriental culture, the natural world and creatures are formed with five sources of energy materials. These five elements have supporting and restrain characters. We can apply their supporting and restrain character in a healing.
Supporting character: Water ==> Wood ==> Fire ==> Earth ==> Metal ==>Water
Restrain character: Metal ==> Wood ==> Earth ==> Water ==> Fire ==> Metal
In conclusion, Qi is an energy form. To better understand what is Qi? People must understand its material base, and its functional characters. It is the smallest and original particle of the universe with special capacity and movement regulation. It exists in everywhere and forms everything; it passes through the time – past, current, and future – there is no space and time barrier of Qi; it is also the inner force which maintains the balance and functioning of everything.
Tanaman obat berpenampilan serba langsing ini dinamakan pranajiwa. Hingga kini, tak ada catatan sejarah yang bisa menjelaskan asal mula nama itu. Yang pasti, khasiat dan "kesaktian" tumbuhan obat multiguna ini sangat populer di kalangan peracik obat-obatan yaitu sebagai pemacu gairah sexual laki-laki.
Pranajiwa --dalam bahasa Latinnya Euchresta horsfieldii-- adalah tumbuhan perdu tegak dengan tinggi 0,5 m-1,5 m. Sekilas, bentuk daun anggita keluarga Leguminosae ini mirip daun melinjo. Pranajiwa terdapat di Pegunungan Himalaya, Filipina, dan Indonesia. Biasanya, tanaman padat manfaat ini bisa kita jumpai di daerah pegunungan dengan ketinggian 1.000 m - 2.000 m dpl.
Susunan daun pranajiwa berselang-seling dengan tangkai yang panjang. Setiap tangkai terdiri dari 3-5 anak daun berwarna hijau mengkilat. Panjang daunnya sekira 10 - 15 cm dengan pangkal membulat dan ujung lancip. Sedangkan tangkai bunganya, bersembulan dari ketiak-ketiak daun, tersusun bertandan dalam jumlah banyak. Ukuran bunga-bunga putih ini cukup mungil, sekira 1,25 cm.
Buah pranajiwa yang mirip polong ini, berbentuk lonjong dengan panjang 1-2 cm. Pada waktu muda, polong berwarna cokelat dan berubah hitam keunguan setelah matang. Umumnya, dalam satu polong, terdapat satu biji yang besar. Rasanya? Sangat pahit!
The definition of qi can be explained like this. Qi exists in everything that is vegetable, animal, mineral, earth, water, sky and fire. It is universal. Qi is pronounced chee in Chinese, in Korean it is gi; Japanese ki; and Vietnamese khí.
It plays a very important part in traditional Chinese medicine and martial arts.
Bu tong ze tong, tong ze bu tong, means, free flow: no pain, no free flow: pain.
The definition of qi can be seen in these examples.
Rain falls to the earth then the sun shines. As a result the garden is nourished. We can then eat the produce. The qi is then transferred to us.From the flint the qi energy, is transmitted to the wood making fire. The wood burns, the qi in the fire makes heat to boil up water and cook the food.
Heat is named heat Qi or (Re Qi).
The weather is named Heaven Qi or (Tian Qi) this is because it shows the energy state of the heavens.
Electric power is named electric Qi or (Dian Qi)
When someone is honorable and has spiritual power to do good, they have Righteous Qi or Normal Qi (Zheng Qi).
If a person is living, their body's energy is known as Human Qi or (Ren Qi). Qi also expresses the energy state of something, especially of living things.
If something is living it has Huo Qi or (Vital Qi)
when something is dead it has Si Qi ,(Dead Qi) or Ghost Qi , (Gui Qi).
The morale or spiritual state of a army is called (Qi Shi) or Energy State.
The concept of life-energy innate in all living thing can be seen in other ancient religions and other metaphysical systems. A list is shown below.
Karakter qi dalam kaligrafi penulisan bahasa Korea
Qi (Hanzi: 氣, Kanji: 気) atau lebih sering dieja sebagai chi atau ch'i (dalam Romanisasi gaya Wade-Giles) atau ki (dalam ejaan Romaji bahasa Jepang) adalah sebuah konsep dasar budaya Tionghoa. Qi dipercayai adalah bagian dari semua makhluk hidup sebagai semacam "kekuatan hidup" atau "kekuatan spiritual". Kata ini seringkali diterjemahkan sebagai "aliran energi" atau secara harafiah sebagai "udara" atau "napas".
Dalam aksara Hanzi atau Kanji, qi ditulis sebagai 氣 atau 気. Menurut tradisi, karakter ini ditafsirkan sebagai "asap kukus (气) yang naik dari nasi (米) yang masak."
The etymological explanation for the form of the qi logogram in the traditional form 氣 is “steam (气) rising from rice (米) as it cooks”. The earliest way of writing qi consisted of three wavy lines, used to represent one's breath seen on a cold day. A later version, 气, identical to the present-day simplified character, is a stylized version of those same three lines. For some reason, early writers of Chinese found it desirable to substitute for 气 a cognate character that originally meant to feed other people in a social context such as providing food for guests. Appropriately, that character combined the three-line qi character with the character for rice. So 气 plus 米 formed 氣, and that is the traditional character still used today (the oracle bone character, the seal script character and the modern "school standard" or Kǎi shū characters in the box at the right show three stages of the evolution of this character).
In the Japanese language, the Chinese character corresponding to "qi" (氣) is pronounced 'ki'. The Japanese language contains over 11,442 known usages of "ki" as a compound. As a compound, it tends to represent syllables associated with the mind, the heart, feeling, the atmosphere, and flavor.
References to things analogous to the qi taken to be the life-process or flow of energy that sustains living beings are found in many belief systems, especially in Asia. In Chinese legend, it is Huang Di (the Yellow Emperor) who is identified as the one who first collected and formalized much of what subsequently became known as traditional Chinese medicine.
Philosophical conceptions of qi from the earliest records of Chinese philosophy (5th century BC) correspond to Western notions of humours. The earliest description of qi in the current sense of vital energy is due to Mencius (4th century BC).
Within the framework of Chinese thought, no notion may attain such a degree of abstraction from empirical data as to correspond perfectly to one of our modern universal concepts. Nevertheless, the term qi comes as close as possible to constituting a generic designation equivalent to our word "energy". When Chinese thinkers are unwilling or unable to fix the quality of an energetic phenomenon, the character qi (氣) inevitably flows from their brushes.
The ancient Chinese described it as "life-force". They believed qi permeated everything and linked their surroundings together. They likened it to the flow of energy around and through the body, forming a cohesive and functioning unit. By understanding its rhythm and flow they believed they could guide exercises and treatments to provide stability and longevity.
Although the concept of qi has been important within many Chinese philosophies, over the centuries the descriptions of qi have varied and have sometimes been in conflict. Until China came into contact with Western scientific and philosophical ideas, they would not have categorized all things in terms of matter and energy. Qi and li (理, li, pattern) were 'fundamental' categories similar to matter and energy.
Fairly early on, some Chinese thinkers began to believe that there were different fractions of qi and that the coarsest and heaviest fractions of qi formed solids, lighter fractions formed liquids, and the most ethereal fractions were the "lifebreath" that animates living beings.
Yuán qì is a notion of innate or pre-natal qi to distinguish it from acquired qi that a person may develop over the course of their lifetime.
The earliest texts that speak of qi give some indications of how the concept developed. The philosopher Mo Di used the word qi to refer to noxious vapors that would in due time arise from a corpse were it not buried at a sufficient depth. He reported that early civilized humans learned how to live in houses to protect their qi from the moisture that had troubled them when they lived in caves. He also associated maintaining one's qi with providing oneself adequate nutrition. In regard to another kind of qi, he recorded how some people performed a kind of prognostication by observing the qi (clouds) in the sky.
In the Analects of Confucius, compiled from the notes of his students sometime after his death in 479 B.C., qi could mean breath, and combining it with the Chinese word for blood (making 血氣, xue-qi, blood and breath), the concept could be used to account for motivational characteristics.
The [morally] noble man guards himself against three things. When he is young, his xue-qi has not yet stabilized, so he guards himself against sexual passion. When he reaches his prime, his xue-qi is not easily subdued, so he guards himself against combativeness. When he reaches old age, his xue-qi is already depleted, so he guards himself against acquisitiveness.
—Confucius, Analects, 16:7
Mencius described a kind of qi that might be characterized as an individual's vital energies. This qi was necessary to activity, and it could be controlled by a well-integrated willpower. When properly nurtured, this qi was said to be capable of extending beyond the human body to reach throughout the universe. It could also be augmented by means of careful exercise of one's moral capacities. On the other hand, the qi of an individual could be degraded by averse external forces that succeed in operating on that individual.
Not only human beings and animals were believed to have qi. Zhuangzi indicated that wind is the qi of the Earth. Moreover, cosmic yin and yang "are the greatest of qi." He described qi as "issuing forth" and creating profound effects. He said "Human beings are born [because of] the accumulation of qi. When it accumulates there is life. When it dissipates there is death... There is one qi that connects and pervades everything in the world."
Another passage traces life to intercourse between Heaven and Earth: "The highest Yin is the most restrained. The highest Yang is the most exuberant. The restrained comes forth from Heaven. The exuberant issues forth from Earth. The two intertwine and penetrate forming a harmony, and [as a result] things are born."
"The Guanzi essay 'Neiye' 內業 (Inward training) is the oldest received writing on the subject of the cultivation of vapor [qi] and meditation techniques. The essay was probably composed at the Jixia Academy in Qi in the late fourth century B.C."
Xun Zi, another Confucian scholar of the Jixia Academy, followed in later years. At 9:69/127, Xun Zi says, "Fire and water have qi but do not have life. Grasses and trees have life but do not have perceptivity. Fowl and beasts have perceptivity but do not have yi (sense of right and wrong, duty, justice). Men have qi, life, perceptivity, and yi." Chinese people at such an early time had no concept of radiant energy, but they were aware that one can be heated by a campfire from a distance away from the fire. They accounted for this phenomena by claiming "qi" radiated from fire. At 18:62/122, he too uses "qi" to refer to the vital forces of the body that decline with advanced age.
Among the animals, the gibbon and the crane were considered experts in inhaling the qi. The Confucian scholar Dong Zhongshu (ca. 150 BC) wrote in Luxuriant Dew of the Spring and Autumn Annals: "The gibbon resembles a macaque, but he is larger, and his color is black. His forearms being long, he lives eight hundred years, because he is expert in controlling his breathing." ("猿似猴。大而黑。长前臂。所以寿八百。好引气也。")
Heaven (seen here as the ultimate source of all being) falls (duo 墮, i.e., descends into proto-immanence) as the formless. Fleeting, fluttering, penetrating, amorphous it is, and so it is called the Supreme Luminary. The dao begins in the Void Brightening. The Void Brightening produces the universe (yu-zhou ). The universe produces qi. Qi has bounds. The clear, yang [qi] was ethereal and so formed heaven. The heavy, turbid [qi] was congealed and impeded and so formed earth. The conjunction of the clear, yang [qi] was fluid and easy. The conjunction of the heavy, turbid [qi] was strained and difficult. So heaven was formed first and earth was made fast later. The pervading essence (xi-jing) of heaven and earth becomes yin and yang. The concentrated (zhuan) essences of yin and yang become the four seasons. The dispersed (san) essences of the four seasons become the myriad creatures. The hot qi of yang in accumulating produces fire. The essence (jing) of the fire-qi becomes the sun. The cold qi of yin in accumulating produces water. The essence of the water-qi becomes the moon. The essences produced by coitus (yin) of the sun and moon become the stars and celestial markpoints (chen, planets).
There have been a number of studies of qi, especially in the sense used by traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture. These studies have often been problematic, and are hard to compare to each other, as they lack a common nomenclature. Some studies claim to have been able to measure qi, or the effects of manipulating qi, such as through acupuncture, but the proposed existence of qi has been rejected by the scientific community.
A United States National Institutes of Health consensus statement on acupuncture in 1997 noted that concepts such as qi "are difficult to reconcile with contemporary biomedical information." In 2007 the MD Anderson Cancer Center at the University of Texas published an article  covering the concepts by which qi is believed to work and research into possible benefits for cancer patients. A review of clinical trials investigating the use of internal qigong for pain management found no convincing evidence that it was effective.
The traditional Chinese art of geomancy, the placement and arrangement of space called feng shui, is based on calculating the balance of qi, interactions between the five elements, yin and yang and other factors. The retention or dissipation of qi is believed to affect the health, wealth, energy level, luck and many other aspects of the occupants of the space. Attributes of each item in a space affect the flow of qi by slowing it down, redirecting it or accelerating it, which purportedly directly impacts the energy level of the occupants. Feng shui is said to be a form of qi divination.
Demonstrations of qi or ki power are popular in some martial arts and may include the immovable body, the unraisable body, the unbendable arm and other feats of power. All of these feats can alternatively be explained using biomechanics and physics.